Let's take a look at a type of "compound verb" formed from the ～て form ＋ いくorくる
- These compound words have a new (but still related) meaning.
- Some compound verbs translate easily into English (e.g. もっていく= take), while others are more wordy in English than in Japanese (e.g. 食べていく = eat and then go / eat before going).
Verbs ending in いく
- 持っていく（もっていく）＝ take (something). From もつ (hold)＋いく (go)
- 連れていく（つれていく）＝ take (someone of equal/lower status, or an animal). From つれる (lead)＋いく (go)
- 歩いていく（あるいていく）＝ walk (to a place); go on foot. From あるく (walk)＋いく (go)
Verbs ending in くる
- 持ってくる（もってくる）＝ bring (something). From もつ (hold)＋くる (come)
- 連れてくる（つれてくる）＝ bring (someone of equal/lower status, or an animal). From つれる (lead)＋くる (come)
- 歩いてくる（あるいていく）＝ walk (to this place); come on foot. From あるく (walk)＋くる (come)
いく and くる endings are used in the same way as English 'take' and 'bring' (except American vernacular English, which uses 'bring' and 'take' interchangeably).
- ～ていく (e.g. take) means indicates moving something/somebody away from where the speaker is.
- ～てくる (e.g. bring) indicates moving something/somebody towards where the speaker is, or will be.